India is among the leading 10 countries in the world in the production of grapes. Mostly used in India as a table of fresh fruit, grapes are also used for making wines and raisins. Did you know? There are more than 25 varieties of grapes!
Seeded – Cardinal, concord Emperor, Italia, Anab-e-Shahi, Cheema Sahebi, Kali sahebi, Rao Sahebi.
Seedless – Thompson seedless, Flame seedless, Kishmish Chorni, Perlette, Arkavati.
Thompson seedless, Manik Chaman, Sonaka, Black Corinth, Black Monukka, Arkavati, Dattier.
Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Bangalore Blue, Muscat, Blanc, Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc, White Riesling, and Merlot.
To get the best grapes yield, the following factors should be considered –
Soil: The ideal soil for grapes should be fertile with 6.5-8.5 pH, should not be alkaline and have medium water holding capacity.
Climate: In India, grapes are grown in sub-tropical, hot tropical and mild tropical climatic regions.
Season: Usually, planting is done from October to January. In regions where the monsoon is late, planting is also done during June-July.
Spacing: Spacing for planting depends on soil type, variety and method of training. The distance between two rows should be 2 – 3 m while the distance between vines within a row should behalf of that, accommodate vines from 2000 to 5000 per hectare.
Nutrients: Grapes need Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Sulphur, Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Copper and Boron. It is recommended to test your soil for deficient nutrients and provide fertilisers accordingly.
Irrigation system: Drip irrigation is highly recommended as it efficiently meets the water requirement of the crop.
How can you get the best yield?
Sumitomo’s Nature Deep is one of the most trusted mycorrhizae which provides the right nutrition for your crop.